Argos was one of the greatest commercial nations of the Hyborian Age, renowned for its maritime commerce and industry, master shipwrights, and short, stocky sailors, reputedly the best in all the world. The nations of Zingara and Stygia were its major sea-faring rivals, but Argos dominated over even them in the coastal trade.

Argos’ own coast was a glittering array of cosmopolitan cities and teeming ports from which merchant ships sailed south to Kush and the Black Kingdoms. The largest and richest port city of all in Argos was Messantia. In Messantia began the western terminus of the Road of Kings, the major Hyborian trade highway running eastward to Turan, an endless flow of traffic from Aquilonia, Nemedia, and Ophir traveling on its winding lengths. The Argosseans were Hyborian, with some Zingaran and Shemitish influences. They were dark-skinned, with thick, curly dark hair and short, stocky bodies. Culturally, the  Argosseans were also Hyborian, although some Shemitish customs had infiltrated Argossean culture, particularly in eastern Argos.  

Argos’ judges were appointed by the Argossean nobility. The Argossean courts were well known for siding with the wealthiest party in civil cases. They had no compunction about imprisonment or torture for witnesses who refused to testify. The Argosseans were primarily worshipers of the Hyborian god Mitra, although Bel, the Shemitish God of Thieves, was worshiped by many Argossean freebooters. Other religions were tolerated, although worship of Set, the Stygian serpent-god, was always viewed with considerable suspicion. Argos may have been the fourth of the Hyborian kingdoms to be established, after Hyperborea, Nemedia and Aquilonia. Argos had a long-standing feud with Zingara, based on their maritime rivalry. Zingara had launched a major military incursion into Argos when Conan was a young man. The Argosseans under King Milo trounced King Ferdrugo of Zingara’s invaders soundly. After Conan’s time, the Aquilonian Empire annexed Argos. Still later, the Pictish hordes looted and burned the region. With the advance of the glaciers at the end of the Hyborian Age, Argos vanished beneath the ice and eventually beneath the Atlantic Ocean when the glaciers retreated.

Names: Argossean names tend to have a Spanish, or Gypsy, air to them. Names often end in ‘o’ for men and ‘a’ for women. Zapayo Da Kova is an interesting example of a full name, roughly translated it means ‘Zapayo of Kova,’ with Kova probably being the family estate. Examples: Beloso, Galbro, Gebbrelo, Gebellez, Valbroso, Valenso, Zapayo, Zaporavo, Zarono, Zingelito; (female) Belesa, Sancha. Suggestions: (male) Castel, Devante, Iago, Inigo; (female) Adoncia, Bonita, Catalina, Cochiti, Jachinta, Madra, Neva, Perla.

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